Diabetes mellitus is reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood. This form of diabetes requires insulin injections for treatment. Children often need 3-5 injections per day. In addition, they have to check their blood sugar levels many times a day and be careful about diet and activity. Until a cure is found, insulin injections, blood testing, diet and physical activity are the focus for these children and their families as they aim to lead normal, healthy lives and prevent the complications of diabetes. Support for children and their families, is therefore essential to ensure the best possible outcomes as they accomplish this arduous task.